EWS Quota: Uneven Adoption in Government Institutions

The promulgation of the 103rd Constitutional Amendment Act, which introduces a 10% EWS quota in higher education institutions, was followed by the Center approving over 2.14 lakh additional seats in 158 centrally funded institutions at a cost of Rs 4,315 crore.

The UGC had issued instructions to all central universities, colleges and deemed universities “whose maintenance charges are borne by the UGC” for the implementation and compliance of the new fee policy from the academic year itself 2019-20.

While the full breakdown of the release of the approved funds was not immediately available, there have been indications that many higher education institutes have yet to receive a large chunk of the promised funds. For example, out of the total allocation, Rs 1 billion was allocated to the 23 IITs.

In a press conference last Friday, IIT Delhi Dean (Planning) PV Rao said the institution has “partially received the funds”. “The Government of India had promised Rs 66.28 crore for the construction of part of the academic complex. We have partially received it,” he said.

The implementation of the EWS quota has also affected the student-teacher ratio of the institutes. At IIT Delhi, which aspires to have a ratio of 1:10, the prevailing quota is around 1:14.

“When we were granted Institutions of Eminence status, the ratio was 1:17. Currently we are around 1:14.5. Because of the EWS quota, though we have our teaching staff has improved, the number of students has also increased,” said another official.

The status of implementation at the state level varies from state to state. In Haryana, different institutions are handling the matter at their own level. Kurukshetra University and Maharshi Dayanand University Rohtak are implementing it.

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