Performance Grade Index: 6 states, Chandigarh achieves Tier 2

Kerala, Punjab, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh have emerged as top performers in school education on indicators such as learning outcomes, equity and infrastructure performance index (PGI) 2020-21 of the Ministry of School Education.

These six states and Chandigarh UT have been placed in Tier II of the index, which was launched by the Center in 2017-18.

The index measures the performance of states and UTs on a uniform scale and helps them prioritize areas for intervention. Since its launch, no state or UT has achieved Tier-I.

Last year, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and the UTs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Chandigarh were in Tier II, for which states/UTs must score 901 or more out of 1,000.

Gujarat, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh are the new entrants in Tier II.

“The maximum and minimum scores obtained by states in 2020-21 are 928 (Kerala, Maharashtra, Punjab) and 669 (Arunachal Pradesh), respectively,” the index report noted. “The deviation between the maximum and minimum scores obtained by the states is 259 or 39% of the minimum points, indicating that Arunachal Pradesh needs to make more efforts to reach the top spot.”

The index is compiled from 70 indicators covering the areas of learning outcomes, access, infrastructure and facilities, equity and governance process. It obtained data from NAS 2017 and UDISE 2020-21.

Tier III states and UTs (851-900) are Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Puducherry, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, West Bengal, Lakshadweep, Delhi, and Odisha.

The report said, “The PGI assessment ranks States and UTs in grades/levels, rather than rankings. The ranking allows multiple states and UTs to be considered at the same level, eliminating the phenomenon of one improving only at the expense of others…”

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