Engineer’s Day 2022: Every year India celebrates National Engineer’s Day on September 15 to recognize and honor the achievements of the great engineer Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. Along with India, Visvesvaraya’s great works are also celebrated in Sri Lanka and Tanzania on September 15 as Engineer’s Day.
Born on September 15, 1861 in the village of Muddenahalli in Karnataka, Visvesvaraya completed his schooling in his hometown and later went on to study Bachelor of Arts (BA) at the University of Madras. He then switched to a different career path and pursued a diploma in civil engineering from the College of Science in Pune.
Popularly known as Sir MV, he undertook several complex projects and achieved remarkable infrastructure results during his engineering career. He patented and installed a water sluice irrigation system at the Khadakvasla reservoir near Pune to raise the level of food supply and storage to higher levels known as the ‘block system’ in 1903.
The irrigation system was later installed at Tigra Dam in Gwalior and Krishnaraja Sagara Dam (KRS) in Mysuru, the latter of which created one of the largest reservoirs in Asia at the time.
In addition to his contributions in the field of engineering, he was also called the “forerunner of economic planning in India”, according to the Institution of Engineers India (IEI). His books, “Reconstructing India” and “Planned Economy of India” were published in 1920 and 1934 respectively. He was knighted in 1915 while serving as Diwan of Mysore, and awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1955.
In 2018, Google released a Doodle on his birthday to celebrate his genius works, whose efforts led engineers at Tata Steel to invent an armored vehicle that was used in World War II and could withstand bullets. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya died in 1962.